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North America

 North America

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North America: The third largest of the world’s continents lies for the foremost between the Arctic Circle and conjointly the Tropic of Cancer. It extends for quite 5,000 miles (8,000 km) to among 500 miles (800 km) of every the pole associated conjointly the Equator associate degreed has an east-west extent of 5,000 miles. It covers a district of 9,355,000 sq. miles (24,230,000 sq. km).

North America: Occupies the northern portion of the dry land generally explicit as a result of the New World, the hemisphere, or simply ground. Ground North America is created roughly kind of a triangle, with its base inside the north and its apex inside the south; associated with the continent is Gronland, the most important island inside the planet, and such offshore groups as a result of the Arctic Archipelago, the Indies, Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands), and conjointly the archipelago.

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North America is delimited on the north by the ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean, and on the west by the ocean. To northeast Gronland is separated from Iceland by the European country Strait, and to the northwest, the province is separated from the Asian ground by the tons of narrower Bering Strait. North America’s exclusive land affiliation is to South America at the slender Isthmus of Panama. Mt. McKinley (Mount McKinley) in the province, rising 20,310 feet (6,190 meters) beyond the water level, is that the continent’s highest purpose, and Death Valley in American state, at 282 feet (86 meters) below water level, is its lowest. North America’s define of some 37,000 miles (60,000 km) the second-longest of the continents once Asia is notable for the great type of indentations, considerably inside the northern.

The name America comes from that of the Italian bourgeois and navigator Vespucci, one of every of the earliest European explorers to travel to the New World. Although at first the term America was applied exclusively to the southern 1/2 the continent, the designation shortly was applied to the full dry land. Those elements that widened out north of the Isthmus of Panama became stated as North America, and folks that broadened to the south became stated as South America. In line with some authorities, North America begins not at the Isthmus of Panama but the narrows of Tehuantepec, with the intervening region, referred to as Central America. Beneath such a definition, a neighborhood of North Yankee nation ought to be enclosed in Central America, although that country lies mainly in North America correct. To beat this anomaly, the whole of North Yankee nation, beside Central and South yank countries, in addition, is additionally classified beneath the name geographical area, with u.  s. and North American country being explicit as Anglo-America. This cultural division can be a real one, all the same, North Yankee nation and Central America (including the Caribbean) are guaranteed to the rest of North America by sturdy ties of earth science. Gronland is additionally culturally divided from, but physically on the purpose of, North America. Some geographers characterize the planet roughly from the southern border of the u. s. to the northern border of South Yankee country as Middle America, that differs from Central America as a result of it includes North Yankee nation. Some definitions of Middle America in addition embody the Indies.

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North America contains a variety of the oldest rocks on Earth. Its natural science structure is made around a stable platform of eon rock referred to as the Canadian (Laurentian) defend. To the southeast of the defend rose the normal geographical area Mountains; and to the west rose the younger and considerably taller Cordilleras, that occupy nearly a third of the continent’s area. In between these, a pair of mountain belts are the ordinarily flat regions of the great Plains inside the west and conjointly the Central Lowlands inside the east.

The continent is richly endowed with natural resources, along with nice mineral wealth, Brobdingnagian forests, massive quantities of contemporary, and some of the world’s most fertile soils. These have allowed North America to become one of every of the foremost economically developed regions on the planet, and its inhabitants fancy a high tradition of living. North America has the best average gain per person of any continent and a median food intake per one that is significantly larger than that of other continents. although it's home to however 10 p.c of the world’s population, its per capita consumption of energy is kind of fourfold as nice as a result of the planet average.

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North America’s first inhabitants are believed to possess been ancient Asiatic peoples United Nations agency migrated from region to North America sometime throughout the last glacial advance, stated because the Wisconsin Glacial Stage, the foremost recent major division of the Pleistocene epoch (about a try of 11,700 years ago). The descendants of these peoples, the numerous Native yank and Eskimo (Inuit) groups, largely area units supplanted by peoples from the previous world. People of European ancestry represent the most important cluster, followed by those of African and Asian ancestry; in addition, there is an associate outsize cluster of Latin Americans, United Nations agencies are of mixed European and Native yank ancestry.

This article treats the physical and human natural science of North America. For discussion of individual countries of the continent, see the articles North American country, Mexico, and conjointly u.  s. of  America. cf coverage of North yank regions beneath the titles the Indies and conjointly the individual countries of Central America. For discussion of major cities of the continent, see specific articles by name e.g., metropolis, the massive apple city, and provincial capital. For discussion of the endemic peoples of the continent, see the articles Native yank and pre-Columbian civilizations. The principal treatment of North yank's historical and cultural development is contained inside the articles mentioned beyond and inside the article's geographical area, history.

For added discussion of arts and literature, see the articles yank literature, Native yank arts, Canadian literature, and Spanish Yankee literature.

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