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Kotor- History, Geography, & Points of Interest

Kotor

Montenegro

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Kotor town, settled concerning thirty miles (50 km) south of Nikšić, lies at the foot of the sheer Lovćen formation, that rises to 5,738 feet (1,749 meters). Kotor was supported by the traditional Romans as Acruvium. Within the tenth century, Kotor town autonomous town dominated by Byzantium, and from 1186 to 1371 it was a free town of medieval Serbia. It was Venetian and Hungarian for temporary periods, associate degree freelance republic from 1395 to 1420, and Venetian once more till 1797. The city suffered periodic injury from Turkish assaults and earthquakes. The French amount was followed by Austrian domination till 1918, once Slav sailors within the Austro-Hungarian navy mutinied at Kotor and therefore the city was incorporated into the dominion of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.

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Much of Kotor’s medieval fortifications remain. The town’s walls extend for concerning 3 miles, are range in thickness from concerning seven to 50 feet, and reach the most height of concerning 65 feet. Kotor has several historic buildings, the biggest and most stunning of those is St. Tryphon Cathedral, which was in-built in 1166 and contains several frescoes and a treasury of jewels. Additionally, notable is the church of St. Luke (1195), which was originally Roman Catholic however has been associate degree Eastern Orthodox since the seventeenth century; the church of St. female parent (1221), which contains medieval frescoes and therefore the remains of a basilica (c. sixth century); and several other palaces of distinguished families, together with the 18th-century Grgurina Palace, that is currently a maritime deposit. The oldest town in Montenegro, Kotor is currently a state-protected historical monument. In 1979 a significant earthquake seriously broke the city, however, a lot of it's been rebuilt. Additionally in 1979 Kotor has selected a United Nations agency World Heritage website. Pop. (2003) 1,331; (2011) 961.


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Gulf of Kotor

Gulf of Kotor, Italian Bocche di Cattaro, Slavic language Boka Kotorska, winding, the fjordlike body of water of the Adriatic coast, Montenegro. A fine natural harbor, it includes four bays connected by slender straits. The stark mountains around the bay slope steeply to a slender bound on that citrus fruits and semitropical plants grow and tourist facilities are developed.

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A road follows the define of the water, connecting many little settlements and resorts, the oldest of that is Risan, which existed as AN Indo-Hittite city within the third century B.C. before being taken by the Romans. Their ar remains of the many Roman villas and different buildings within the space of the gulf. At the strategic entrance to the gulf, the system is Hercegnovi, based in 1382 and occupied at numerous times by Turks, Spaniards, Venetians, Russians, French, and Austrians. East of Hercegnovi is Savina's religious residence, qualitative analysis from 1030, that contains historic treasures. Within the Middle Ages a “Boka Navy” was created with ships from the city of Kotor and different gulf ports; at first a mercantilism gild, it became concerned in military service battles and campaigns against pirates till the nineteenth century.


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