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The city of London, travel guide and best things to do in London

The city of London

The city of London, travel guide and best things to do in London

About

City of London, Municipal Corporation and Borough, London, England. Sometimes referred to as "Square Mile", it is one of the 33 boroughs that make up the larger metropolis of Greater London.

Baroti is located on the north bank of the River Thames between the Temple Bar Memorial Pillar (reminiscent of the old Temple Bar Gate) and the base of Tower Hill. City Corporation is the oldest local government in Britain; It has the status of a county with more powers than the other 32 boroughs in London, especially its own police force. "The City", as it is known, is only a component, relatively small in size, in the larger urban area known as London. Its area closely resembles the ancient city from which modern London grew. The city is geographically part of the historic county of Middlesex, but its special status and privileges have given it autonomy for most of its history.

Near the city center are the Bank of England, the Royal Exchange (now a luxury shop and a restaurant) and the rest of London's financial district (a few financial institutions are also located in Canary Wharf). The city also includes the London Stock Exchange, St. Paul's Cathedral, Guildhall, Mansion House (Lord Mayor's Residence), the Barbican Arts Complex and the residential area, the main branch of the London Museum. , And the College of Weapons. West Hall of St. Paul is Fleet Street, once the center of London newspaper establishment. The Temple and the Royal Court of Justice, the heart of the legal profession, are on the Westminster border. The city maintains small open spaces within its area, but since the 1870s it has acquired green areas for public use and protection from development in other boroughs of London and Kent, Surrey and Buckinghamshire. The Millennium Bridge in London (opened in 2000; retrofitted and reopened in 2002) added the city to the borough of Southwark; It was the first new bridge to span the Thames for more than a century.

Thousands of workers and thousands of other visitors commute daily through highways, buses, underground (subways) or blackfriars and train stations on Liverpool, Fenchurch and Cannon streets. Due to relocations to other areas and suburbs of London, the population of the square mile has declined significantly since 1851, when 127,869 persons were enumerated, 26,923 in 1901 and 5,234 in 1951. The population was then somewhat stable, until the 190's. When it starts to grow. Area 1.1 sq miles (2.9 sq km). Pop (2001) 7,185; (2011) 7,375.

Discover a fascinating blend of modern culture and rich heritage in the financial heart of London.

The city of London is the capital's business center and home to many of its most famous historical landmarks, most notably St. Paul's Cathedral. Take a look at the skyscrapers, wander through the picturesque plazas and visit some of the legends that have made London famous.

Also known as the City or Square Mile, the district follows the former boundary of the first Roman settlement in the area roughly known as "Londinium". The city retains elements of its medieval character, but many of its historic structures were destroyed during the Great Fire of London in 1666. Learn about this devastating event at the Great Fire Memorial in London. Take a look at the monument's 202-foot (62-meter) tall columns and climb 311 steps for a spectacular view.

To the west of the monument is St. Paul's Cathedral, a symbol of London's recovery from the Great Fire. Although the site has been a place of worship for over 1,400 years, the current incarnation dates back to the late 17th century. Learn about the talents of the architect Sir Christopher Raine, who designed this landmark church with its iconic dome. Inside, look at intricate stone carvings and exquisite mosaics.

Browse high-quality boutiques located inside the Royal Exchange, a former business and trade center. Adjacent to the Bank of England, one of the oldest banks in the world and its fascinating museum. The museum displays artifacts from the bank's collection, including coins, prints, books and photographs, some of which date back to the Roman period.

Rest in a few small squares in the district, like the Finsbury Circus. Appreciate its bandstand and see the locals in the bowling green.

Take a look at the comprehensive range of stores available at One New Change Shopping Center. Visit the public rooftop terrace of the center for a panoramic view of St. Paul's Cathedral.

The city of London is located in the heart of the London metropolis. It is well connected to the surrounding London area by the London Underground.

London City Travel Guide

The position of London as a truly global city is unmatched. New viewers tend to focus on the West End and its environs, immersing themselves in the classic icons of The Big Smoke; From black cabs and red double-decker buses to the Gothic towers of houses near Parliament. Oxford Street's flagship high street stores match any city with beacon-like shopping options. Next door is Carnaby Street, with its rich modern-influenced heritage, the Bond Street Jewelry Emporium, and the card-draining mix of designer and vintage shops at Covent Garden.

But for those who don’t have to shop there, there are cultural attractions to delight the most enthusiastic visitors; Tate Modern and of course Buckingham Palace from the National Portrait Gallery.

For the new foodie generation, a lively scene ensures that you can eat in all corners of the world in one day. Whether you want the three-star Michelin dining at restaurant Gordon Ramsay, want to ensure the life of Sister Daddy's great Ramen or Kilon's smoked meat, you need to be the most eater not to pack a few pounds.

However, you can quickly realize that London is a vast city where life explodes from every frontier and many of the city's true treats exist from the center. East London Hall is the creative center of the city, with nightclubs, bars and galleries of the most progressive thought in the country, located around Shoreditch, Dalston, Hackney and Peckham. Visit the southwest for the bucolic beauty of the deer-inhabited Richmond Park or the dazzling array of fauna in the Cow Garden. And if you want to take part in a football match or concert, the iconic Wembley Stadium is northeast and has a capacity of 90,000.

Speaking more than 300 languages ​​in the city, you will find a different smell in every corner and a new word in every store. It is the beauty of a place that, in the end, feels not only like the center of the world but as the world of a city.

Featured Hotels in London

Featured Hotels

Soho Hotel

Rooms at this trendy hotel are beautifully furnished in a modern, eclectic style, with flatscreen TVs, spacious, super-comfortable beds and smooth bathrooms decorated with gray granite, glass and oak. Located in the heart of London's entertainment district, there is a hotel suite, a Swiss private event space and two private screening rooms. The onsite restaurant refuel has an interesting dinner menu, as well as a wide selection of afternoon tea and breakfast meals.

Dorchester

Sitting next to Hyde Park is a beautiful cave in the scenic Dorchester old-school British class. Dining includes shoppers at the high-end Asian restaurant China Tang and the modern British food The Grill at The Dorchester, where the spacious basement spa is an exceptional pampering space. For all-out luxury, the hotel has the Baroque and Rococo Oliver Mesel suites located on top, with a terrace that overlooks the rooftops of London.

Hotel Westminster at Point

Located in the heart of Westminster, this no-frills Asian hotel chain is a great option for those looking for money in the capital. The idea is simple: by removing expensive extra items like room service or windows, you can enjoy staying in a clean room with a specific bathroom for very little money. If you want extra things like towels, cosmetics, a safe in the house or a window, you just pay for them. There are four hotels in the capital but this one located in the center is nice if you want to be close to the heart of the action.

Pavilion Hotel

This fun 30-room hotel in London is a great price option for those who want to stay in London with a fun twist. Each room has its own theme - including the Chinese-themed room Enter the Dragon, the 1970s infused chamber Hunky Tank Afro, and the Moorish-inspired Casablanca Nights - and the hotel claims to have been shooting many celebrities and fashion photographs over the years. Paddington Station is just minutes away.

Ritz

Since 1906, The Ritz has been providing exemplary services to its well-heeled guests. The interior of this elegant building is beautifully decorated in Louis XVI style with marble pillars, rich fabrics and antique furniture. Rooms are furnished in soothing pastel colors, and the chandelier-filled restaurant offers classic glamor for formal dining, and famous Ritz afternoon tea is served at Palm Court in 1530 or 1700. 

The weather in London

London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, has a temperate oceanic climate. Contrary to popular belief, London receives an average annual rainfall of only 602 mm (24 in), less than New York (1,268 mm / 50 in), Amsterdam (805 mm / 32 in) and Paris (641 mm / 25 in). But when it does rain, there is a drizzle, which prompts locals to complain about the weather.

Spring (March to May) brings cool, pleasant weather where temperatures range from 10 C (50 ° F) in March to 17 ° C (62 ° F) in May; This is a good time to visit London and enjoy the spring flowers in its many parks. The city also hosts a number of events, including the London Marathon in April.

Summers (June to August) are warm, with an average height of 20-23 ° C (68-73 ° F), although warm build-up areas may feel warm due to the accumulation of heat between buildings and sidewalks. The city is busy with tourists when Londoners gather outside and enjoy some sunshine.

Autumn (September to November) is another great season to travel to London because the weather is mild and the summer crowds have gone home. In terms of temperature, the average elevation in September drops from 19 C (66 ° F) to 10 ° C (50 ° F) in November.

Winters in London (December to February) can be mild, but gray and wet. December is a good time to visit because London is festive and stores offer big discounts to entice shoppers. January is often the coldest month with an average maximum temperature of 6 C (43 ° F) and an average low of 3 ° C (37 ° F). Temperatures usually do not fall below freezing and snowfall is rare.

Things to do in London

Other Things to See and Do in London

1. Take a free walking tour

There are various walking tours on offer in London. From free tours to special tours to paid tours to literary tours to weird tea tours, London has everything. Free London Walking Tour and New Europe Walking Tour are my two favorite companies that come in the form of free tours. These are the best way to see the sights and get to know the city on a budget.

2. Go museum hopping

London has more museums than you can see in a single visit and many of them are free. You can spend days visiting world-class museums like the Tate, the British Museum, the City Museum, the National Gallery, the Historical Museum and many more - all without spending a penny. One of my favorites is the Museum of Natural History, which has over 80 million items, including specimens collected by Charles Darwin. It also has an extensive collection of fossils, making it a fun and educational stop The Victoria and Albert Museum (named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert) is another of my favorites. It is home to more than 2,000 works of art covering more than 3,000 years of human history.

3. Grab some food in Borough Market

Founded in 1756, London's Borough Market has something for every meal. It is home to some of the best British and international products and food. The hungry came here satisfied and left. It's also great for people to see. The market is open every day but the crowds are terrible on Saturdays so don't forget to go there early.

4. Enjoy some theater

London is known for its famous theater scene. Join a show while you're here and see some incredible performances that make London famous. Tickets can be quite cheap and something is ringing every night (see TKTS for discounted tickets at the West End show). Otherwise, watch a Shakespeare show at The Globe in south London - tickets range from 50 7.50-50 GBP depending on the event.

5. Stroll along Brick Lane

Known for its vintage clothing, cheap food and industry, this East London street is a favorite of locals. Sunday is the best day to come, as it is when there is an outdoor street market, although restaurants and shops on the street are open every day. Brick Lane has some of London's best (and cheapest) food, especially when it comes to curry, as it is the hub of the Bangladeshi community in London. This street is also a great place to bring cameras, as its walls are basically a gallery for some of London's best street artists, including Banksy, D * Face and Ben Ain.

6. Ride the London Eye

The London Eye is a 500-foot long Ferris spin. Although a bit cheesy, it is one of the most popular attractions in London. It is located across the street from Parliament and gives you a great view of the most iconic buildings in London and the city, especially on a clear day. It's not cheap, it costs 24.50 GBP when you book online, but it can be worth it if you want to play and see with tourists. The journey lasts 30 minutes.

7. Visit the London Dungeon

The London dungeon calls itself "the world's coolest famous horror attraction." It covers 2,000 years of London's gruesome history and is a sick but fascinating museum. Although you will learn about the popular torture methods in England, this place has become an "amusement park" type of attraction. But if you like things like escape houses and scary boat rides, you will enjoy it. Tickets cost 27 GBP (30 GBP individually) when you book online.

8. See St. Paul's Cathedral

St. Paul is a fascinating English baroque cathedral with a world-famous dome. Masterpiece by architect Christopher Raine, the iconic building dates back to the 17th century. Inside, you can go to the crypt to see the resting places of famous people, including The Duke of Wellington, Christopher Raine and Admiral Nelson, or enjoy the glittering mosaics and elaborate stone carvings of the cathedral. If you don't mind climbing some of the stairs, climbing the Stone Gallery or the Golden Gallery is a highlight for panoramic views around London. Admission is 17 GBP when you shop online, which is cheaper than the London Eye and offers similarly breathtaking views.

9. Explore the Covent Garden

The Covent Garden, a popular West End neighborhood, is a fun place to hang out in the afternoon. It is home to lots of weird stalls, basking musicians, an art market and a selection of unusual pubs and coffee shops. Covent Garden is also walking away from all the big musical theater shows, so this is a great place to spend a few hours before catching a performance. Be sure to visit the Covent Garden Market, which has been open since 1830. This is a good place to eat or shop at some artisan craft stalls. It is open Monday through Saturday from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., including an outdoor farmer’s market on Saturdays.

10. See Shakespeare's Globe

An integral part of England's history, Shakespeare's Globe is a remake of the original Globe Theater, the place for which the famous playwright wrote his plays. This is a must-see for Shakespeare lovers, where Elizabeth has embraced near-perfect replicas of staging practice. You can even sit in the front where the grounding has done, for screaming and hacking! The theater is open-roofed, so bundled up in the winter. Ticket prices are 7-50 GBP depending on production. You can also take a guided tour for 17 GBP to learn more about theater history.

11. Explore Camden Market

A longtime counter-culture haven, Camden Market is home to 1,000+ independent shops, stalls, cafes, restaurants, bars, baskets and everything in between. It is extremely popular and the busiest on the weekends (it sees over 250,000 visitors per week). The Camden Market is actually a series of six different markets, so you can literally wander through the maze of alleys for hours and never see it.

12. See Royal Observatory

Since its inception in the late 17th century, the Royal Observatory has played an important role in astronomy and navigation. The observatory is divided into two sections, one centered on time and the other half devoted to astronomy. In the Meridian courtyard, you can stand on either side of the Prime Meridian, which separates the Eastern and Western Hemispheres of the Earth. The Peter Harrison Planetarium is also here, where you can watch a show for 10 GBP.

13. Walk around the strand

In the 12th century, wealthy aristocrats built elegant houses and gardens on the banks of the Thames (Strand), making it one of the most prestigious places to live (which is still true today). Walk down this road and you will be treated to a great display of wealth and beauty. In the 19th century, Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli called it "the best road in Europe." The Strand, which runs from Trafalgar Square to the Temple Bar, has numerous shops, pubs, landmark buildings and classic hotels.

14. Drink beer in Cheshire cheese at Yeh Old

This historic pub has been around since the Great Fire of 1666 (and has had a pub since 1538). It is surprisingly large inside, and in winter, fireplaces keep pub passengers warm. The wood paneling, the atmospheric lack of natural light, and the arched cellars make it seem like the time to get inside. Famous literary figures such as Charles Dickens, RL Stevenson, Mark Twain, Oliver Goldsmith and others frequently used this special pub.

15. See Churchill War Room

Located below the Treasury Building in the Whitehall area of ​​Westminster, Churchill War Rooms houses the Government Command Center during World War II and a museum about the life of Winston Churchill. The focal point of the whole place is an interactive table that enables visitors to access digitized material from the Churchill Archive. If you're like me and a huge historian, this is one of the best attractions in town. It's worth the price! Admission 25 GBP.

16. Relax in Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens

If you want to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city, visit Hyde Park or Kensington Gardens for some remedies. Both parks, which are (conveniently for visitors) right next to each other, are designated as the Royal Parks of London. Hyde Park is London's most famous park. Originally Henry VII's private hunting ground, it was opened to the public in 1637 and is a great place for sightseeing, picnics or catching among the many events hosted here throughout the year. Kensington Gardens houses the Serpentine Gallery as well as Kensington Palace. Parks and gardens cover about 250 acres!

17. Take a Jack the Ripper tour

Jack the Ripper is one of London's most notorious murderers - and his true identity has never been revealed. Every night, you'll see lots of people in the East End learning about Jack the Ripper in a ridiculous number of similar tours. My favorite is the original Jack the Ripper Tour, which has been running in one form or another since 1982. On the tour, you will be directed to a dark alley, stopping at a historical place associated with the infamous Serial Killer. Tickets cost 12 GBP.

Backpacking London proposed budget

If you have a London backpack, expect to spend around 55 GBP per day. This budget includes a hostel dorm, taking public transit, cooking all your meals, limiting your drinking, and getting stuck in free activities like parks, free walking tours and museums. A mid-range budget of 125 GBP per day is to stay in a private Airbnb room, eat out for most of your meals, have a drink or two, take public transit and occasional taxi and some paid activities like Tower Bridge or Westminster Abbey.

With a "luxury" budget of around 280 GBP or more per day, you can stay in a hotel, eat wherever you want, drink more, take more taxis and do as much activity and tours as you like. Although it is downstairs for luxury. Sky limit!

Depending on your travel style you can use the chart below to get some idea of ​​how much you need to budget each day. Remember these are daily averages - some days you will spend more, some days you will spend less (you can spend less every day). We just want to give you a general idea of ​​how to create your budget.

London Travel Guide: Money-Saving Tips

London is one of the numerous costly towns in the world. But thanks to its free museums, cheap pubs, and numerous hostels, there are many ways to reduce your costs and save money. Here are my top tips for saving money in London:

Visit all free museums - most museums in London are free, including the London Museum, the British Museum, the Museum of Natural History, and the Science Museum. The National Gallery and Tate Modern are also free and my two favorites.

Buy an Oyster Card - This prepaid transit card saves you about 50% on every metro ride. Get this card if you plan to use the tube a lot! You can get a refund for the balance on the card at the end of your trip.

People look at the markets - Sunday Market Day in London, Camden Market, Portobello Market, Flower Market and one million more options. People see, take some photos and enjoy the local London life without spending a penny.

Watch the change of guards - The change of guard at Buckingham Palace and the change of horse guards at Whitehall both took place at 11 am. Take a real British flair with this exciting and free event.

Just walk and explore - London is a huge city and lots of beautiful, historic buildings. I once walked four hours and a hole was made in the route I was about to take (so it was necessary to take an oyster card.) However, once you get out of the tourist area around the Thames, you will see. The way the locals in London do. You can collect free walking maps around the capital from any of London's tourist information shops.

Collect last-minute theater tickets - You can get last-minute theater tickets from the official booth in Leicester Square. Availability varies daily, so be sure to get there early.

Join in small theater performances - London is famous for its theatrics. If you don't want to spend a lot of money watching The Lion King or Les Misérables, watch small shows and comedy nights in theaters like Leicester Square Theater, where prices start at around 10 GBP.

Avoid Cabs - Taxis in London are incredibly expensive and will waste your budget. Tube closed one night and my hotel taxi was 31 GBP! If you start taking taxis everywhere, you will spend hundreds of dollars every day, so keep that in mind.

Night Bus Master - In London, the tube closes at about 12:30. To avoid taking expensive taxis, make sure you get a map of the night bus route so you can get back to your hotel/hostel cheaply. These buses go to all cities and suburbs.

Take a free walking tour - London, like any major city in Europe, has a wide array of free walking tours throughout the city. For historical views of the city, try New Europe and for the off-the-beaten-path tour, try the free tour on foot.

Get a Taste Card - This dinner club card offers 50% discount on thousands of restaurants, as well as something special for a couple of people. It can really pay off, especially with the wonderful foods you want to get.

Get a London Pass - If you get a London Pass, you can enjoy access to over 80 London attractions, such as the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral. A one-day pass is 69 GBP, a two-day pass is 95 GBP, and a three-day pass is 109 GBP. You can get up to ten days pass at 169 GBP. This pass saves well if you are planning a ton of sightseeing trips!

Bring a water bottle - it's safe to drink tap water here so bring a reusable water bottle to save money and reduce your plastic usage. LifeStraw is my go-to brand because its bottles have built-in filters to keep your water clean and safe at all times.

How to get around in London

Public Transportation - London has excellent public transport and a one-day pass is cheaper than a single fare. The one-way tube fare in Zone 1 is 5.50 GBP, but getting a visitor oyster card reduces the tariff to 2.40 GBP per ride. No matter how many trips you take each day, your Oyster Card sets the price of your trip to Zone 1 and 2 at 7.40 GBP. This applies to all public transits, including buses and trams, saving you a ton of money.

London's bus system also uses the Oyster Card and costs 1.55 GBP per trip. However, unlimited bus- and tram-only travel costs a maximum of 4.65 GBP. The bus does not accept cash; You must use an oyster card, a travel card or your own non-contact payment card.

London's tram system works just like the bus system, with a ride cost of 1.50 GBP in each direction and a day of unlimited travel at no more than 5.20 GBP.

Bicycles - Santander Bicycles is a universal bike-sharing program in London. With 750 docking stations and 11,500 bikes, they cover the entire city. Renting a bike starts at 2 GBP every 24 hours, the first 30 minutes of each ride are free. After this first 30 minutes, every 30-minute period is 2 GBP, although you can always dock a bike and take another one to restart the free timer. Remember, however, that London is not a bike-friendly city in the world, especially if you are accustomed to biking while driving on the other side of the road!

Taxis - Taxis are readily available, prices start at 3 GBP and go up to about 2.75 GBP per mile Considering how expensive they are, I wouldn't take one unless absolutely necessary.

Ridesharing - Uber is available in London but if you use it too much it will cost you an arm and a leg. Stick to public transport.

Car Rental - For many days rental cars can be rented for 20 GBP per day. However, the traffic in the city is terrible so I will not rent a car here unless you are out on a day trip. Keep in mind that you will drive to the left and most cars have a manual transmission. 

When to Go to in London

It is not very cold in London, but it is foggy and rainy. Summer is the peak season for tourism, and temperatures are the warmest at this time - but rarely above 30 ° C (86 ° F). People make the most of the warm weather and there are lots of events and festivals happening all the time.

Spring (late March-June) and autumn (September-October) are also great times to visit, as temperatures are mild and the city is not very clean.

Winter lasts from December to February and during this time the tourist crowd decreases dramatically. Temperatures can drop below 5 C (41 ° F) and prices are a bit low. Expect gray weather and make sure to dress warmly.

Since it rains frequently here, pack a light rain jacket or an umbrella whenever you go.

{Notice: In the light of Covid-19 we have updated as much information as possible here. Check attractions, activities, etc. before you go because things can change quickly.}

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