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Top 25 popular sights place, Landmarks & travel guide in Rome

Top 25 popular sights place, Landmarks &  travel guide in Rome

About Rome

The national capital of Italy

Rome, Italian Roma, historic city and Roma province (province), Lazio region (region) and capital of Italy. Once the capital of an ancient republic and empire whose armies and politics defined the Western world in antiquity and then left a seemingly indelible mark, the spiritual and physical seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the site of major peaks of artistic and intellectual achievement, Rome is an eternal city. Area city, 496 sq miles (1,285 sq km); Province, 2,066 sq miles (5,352 sq km). Pop (2011) City, 2,617,175; Province, 3,997,465; (2007 estimate) urban aggregate, 3,339,000; (2016 estimated) cities, 2,873,494; Province, 4,353,738.

Climate of Rome

The city receives about 30 inches (750 mm) of rainfall a year; Spring and autumn are the rainy seasons. Snowfall and occasional light snowfall signify an otherwise mild winter break when high temperatures average above 50 ° F (10 ° C).

The people of Rome

Being a citizen of Rome has been a source of pride since ancient times. Today Romano de Roma or "Roman" has enough prestige to be Roman. Such Romans include "black aristocracy", families with the title of pope, who form a society within the upper classes, avoid propaganda, and do not attach too much prominence to "white aristocracy", whose titles were given only by temporary rulers. In ancient times, Trostev had quarters for sailors and foreigners, where the founders on the east side of the river were soldiers and peasants. Several palaces have been home to powerful families since the Middle Ages.

Although the vast majority of Romans are Catholics, the city is home to many religious groups. For example, Jews have lived in cities for thousands of years. Jews were not generally persecuted in Rome until Pope Paul IV of the 16th century forced them into a ghetto (near Piazza Navona). Popara later continued his anti-Semitic program. Rome's population grew particularly rapidly in the 1950s and '60s, from 1,960,000 in 1951 to more than 2,610,000 in 1967. Population growth then slowed, as many Romans properly left the city and moved to other parts of the Roman province.

Rome has attracted a large number of immigrants from outside Italy since the 1970s. Foreign settlers in the early 21st century included many relatively wealthy people from other member states of the European Union (EU), especially France and the United States. However, a significant proportion of urban immigrants have worked in relatively low-paying jobs in the service sector; Domestic work and retail business were common occupations. Others originated in Morocco, Senegal, Albania or Ecuador, among other countries. Primarily, this migration occurred without too much friction, but racism and violence against immigrants increased in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. There was a lot of excitement centered around the world of football (soccer), but the feeling of discomfort with immigration was widespread.

Rome Travel Guidelines- Information, tips and tourism

What to visit in Rome?

Rome (or Roma in Italian) is the capital of Italy and has a population of 2.8 million, Romans. According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC by the twin Romulus and Remus. The city is situated on the banks of the river Tiber and was founded on seven hills; Palatine Hill, Aventine Hill, Capitoline Hill, Kelian Hill, Esquilin Hill, Quirinal Hill and Vimal Hill. The area around Palatine Hill and Capitoline Hill in particular will later become the center of power of the vast Roman Empire. You can find many ruins and excavations of Forum Romanam and Colosseum here which gives you an idea of how gladiators had to fight in this huge Roman amphitheater. The Pantheon, now a church, has a characteristic round, open roof and is one of the best-preserved buildings of Roman times. And Via Apia takes you along Rome, one of the oldest roads in Italy. Originally, the city of Rome was a huge museum.

Unique is the minister of the Vatican City, of which the pope is the head of state. The small state covers an area of only 44 hectares, mostly occupied by St. Peter's Basilica and St. Peter's Square, known for the Pope's 'Urbi et Orbi' speech. For many visitors to Vatican City, the Sistine Chapel, part of the Vatican Museum, will be the highlight of their trip. The place, where the cardinals hold conclaves to elect a new pope, is adorned with Michelangelo's beautiful frescoes.

With more than 900 churches, no other city in the world represents so much for the Catholic faith. Rome has four Pope Basilicas and seven shrines. Each church is more beautifully decorated than the last, with the works of great masters such as Bernini, Raphael, Caravaggio and Michelangelo. As an art lover, you will feel right at home in Galleria Borghese. All these Roman attractions and excavations, beautiful churches, Vatican, fun neighborhoods like Tristive, beautiful fountains - including the famous Trevi Fountain) - delicious tartorius, a picture of romantic Spanish steps and trendy fashion shops make Rome chaotic and vibrant. Metropolis where you can easily keep yourself entertained for at least a week.

Public transport in Rome can be a challenge. The city has two complete metro lines. A third metro line has been delayed several times due to multiple excavations. To use public transport as a tourist, there are several cost-effective tourist passes to choose from. More travel tips about sightseeing, Rome Italy and tourist attractions can be found in our Final Rome Travel Guide with tips for sightseeing and sightseeing.

Rome has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm or hot summers. With 2,500 hours of sunshine per year, chances are good you will get sunny weather. You can visit Rome, Italy all year round, but spring or autumn is the best time to visit. The Mediterranean keeps temperatures comfortable at this time of year and the weather is usually sunny. In the dry and very sunny months of summer - July and August - temperatures can be very high, often above 30 degrees and there is a possibility of fog. Winter in Rome is mild, with temperatures ranging from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius. Winters are cold and wet, but snow is less likely.

Top popular sights place in Rome:

The number one attraction in Rome is the Colosseum; which is a Large amphitheater with 75,000 spectators in Roman days. Gladiators fought with each other in the Colosseum courtyard, along with wild animals. In the huge 'ruins' of the Colosseum, you can see the stands, arenas and underground spaces of the largest Roman amphitheater. Due to a large number of visitors, it is highly recommended to book tickets to the Colosseum in advance, which is considered as one of the seven modern wonders of the world. More information on the famous landmark 'Colosseum'.

Popular sights place, Trevi Fountain - powered by

2. The Trevi Fountain in Rome

Rome and probably the most famous fountain in the world the 'Fontana de Trevi' or Trevi Fountain. Located on the Piazza di Trevi, this Baroque fountain was built in the 18th century. The landmark and the monument depict Neptune, the god of the sea, in his chariot. No sightseeing or sightseeing in Rome is complete without throwing a coin at the Trevi Fountain, because it means that the person who throws the coin will 'one day return to Italy in Rome'.

Popular sights place, Pantheon - powered by
3. Top Inspection: Pantheon

The Pantheon is one of the best-maintained buildings in Roman times. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. The present church contains a number of unique funeral monuments (the painter Raphael and a few Italian kings), as well as a remarkably large and open dome (the Oculus). During your city break in Rome, you can see the Pantheon for free.

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4. St. Peter's Basilica

St. Peter's Basilica, or 'Basilica de San Pietro in the Vatican', is the spiritual center of the Catholic Church and the residence of the pope. The huge basilica, located in the independent state of Vatican City and next to St. Peter's Square, was built on what is believed to be Peter's tomb. The St. Peter's Basilica contains masterpieces such as Bernini's Baldachin and Michelangelo's La Pieta, but you can see the crypts with 148 pope tombs. Plan your trip to St. Petersburg, or you'll probably be standing in line for a long time.

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5. Vatican Museum and Sistine Chapel

Over the centuries, Popra has amassed a vast collection of artifacts, ranging from Roman objects and religious ruins to countless paintings. In the Vatican Museum you can see 54 richly decorated rooms and the Catholic Church's treasures of this art. The highlight for many visitors may be the famous Sistine Chapel. The chapel with the beautiful frescoes of Michelangelo which is mostly known as the place of conclave when the new pope is elected. Because it gets a lot of visitors, this attraction has the longest line so far. If you don't want to wait more than two hours in the scorching sun, skip-the-line tickets must be reserved.

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6. Forum Romanam and Roman sights in Palatine

Forum Roman was the center of the ancient Roman Empire. During your visit to the Roman Forum, you will walk past Roman excavations and archeological parks full of old temples, arches, market halls and other important buildings built by various emperors. Next to the forum is Palatine Hill, where you will find excavations of the royal residence. More info 'Forum Romanam'.

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7. Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona is one of the most notable squares in Rome. So the square owes its extended shape to its main purpose as the Roman Athletics Stadium. The square's many attractions include a number of waterfalls, such as Bernini's 'La Fontana de Quatro Fumi', an interesting obelisk, and you can visit the excavations at the old stadium of Domitianas. Also, Piazza Navona is a lively square with lots of street performers, cafes and terraces.

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8. Spanish steps (Piazza di Spagna)

At the foot of the French Church are the 135 steps of the Spanish 'Trinita de Monti'. The Spanish steps for Piazza di Spagna are decent, where you will find a distinct fountain of Pietro Bernini. The Spanish steps of the 18th century have become a tourist attraction, and the staircase overlooks a magnificent view of Rome.

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9. Galleria and Villa Borges

The name 'Villa Borges' refers to the largest and most beautiful park in Rome. At one time, the estate belonged to the very wealthy Cardinal Cipion Borgis and was built around a villa of the same name. Since 1903, it has been occupied by the Municipality of Rome and serves as a public park. Also found in the park is the Galleria Borghese, a museum that displays Borghese's large private art collection. The gallery features sculptures and paintings by artists such as Caravaggio, Rubens, Bernini and Leonardo da Vinci.

Popular sights place, Basilica de Santa Maria Maggiore - powered by

10. Basilica de Santa Maria Maggiore

The Basilica Papale de Santa Maria Maggiore is one of the four pope churches and the largest Marian church in Rome. The Esquiline Mountain Church dates back to the 5th century and still has many authentic mosaics. It also has a distinctive gold roof. It is said that there is a piece of wood from the cage of Jesus under the altar.

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11. Places of interest in Trastevere

On the opposite bank of the river Tiber lies the old working-class neighborhood of Rome. Trastevere is a typical Italian neighborhood where you can get lost in the maze of narrow streets, see old medieval houses and go for a lively night at the many restaurants and bars in the area.

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12. Castel Sant'Angelo

Originally, the 2nd century Castle Sant'Angelo, or Fortress of the Holy Angels, was a tomb of Emperor Hadrian. After Michael the archangel appeared here in 590 and finished a plague, Pope Pius II erected a large bronze statue of the angels on top of the castle. The castle of the Holy Angel was part of the Roman defense and offered a place where the popes could take refuge, as the Vatican was connected to it by a tunnel.

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13. Landmarks of Rome: Monuments of Vittorio Emanuel II

One of the most notable landmarks in Rome is the monument to the first Italian King Vittorio Emanuel II, located next to Piazza Venezia Square. The building is also called the Altara Della Patria - the Altar of the Fatherland - and commemorates the unification of Italy. The Romans also used nicknames such as 'typewriter' and 'wedding cake'. The huge white building also houses a museum and the tomb of an unknown soldier, guarded by two soldiers.

Popular sights place, Colosseum - powered by
14. Archibasilica de San Giovanni in Laterano

What is remarkable about St. John's Lateran's Archbischilica is that 'San Giovanni in Laterano' is technically the most important church in Rome, Italy. It is one of the four Pope Basilica and the Cathedral of Rome Diocese. The Baroque-looking church has undergone numerous alterations over the centuries, including the addition of distinctive masks to the statues of Alessandro Galilei.

Popular sights place, Piazza del Popolo Colosseum - powered by

15. Piazza del Popolo

Piazza del Popolo is a large 19th-century neo-classical square, originally intended to welcome visitors entering the city from the north. Notable sights in the square are two identical churches built across each other, the city gate 'Porta del Popolo', a huge Egyptian obelisk and steps that allow you to climb Pincio Mountain for a wonderful view.

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16. Apia through Antica and Catacombs

The Apia Antica (or Roman Appian Way) is one of the oldest routes to Rome since Roman times. The road was lined with its large wires and with many cypresses, mainly for the purpose of quicker transfer of trade and troops. The road was located just outside the city walls, which meant there were many catacombs and funeral memorials beside it. The best way to see Via Apia and its tourist attractions is by bicycle.

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17. Domus Aurea

Domus Aurea is the excavation of Nero's "Golden House". Since 2014 the remains of this huge palace can be visited in a very beautiful way; A guided tour where you can see through VR glasses what the huge palace was like at that time. The tour is only available on Saturdays and Sundays, as recovery work is underway for the rest of the week. A lesser-known tourist attraction in Rome, but one of my personal favorites. Reservations required (more Domus Aurea).

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18. Rome attractions by attractions and bikes

Bicycles are an easy way to discover many of Rome's landmarks. Rent a bike yourself, or better yet, visit Rome's landmarks and sights with an English-speaking guide. Within a few hours, you will see many highlights and you will hear interesting stories about the history of the landmarks of Rome. Highly recommended! Tours are popular, so we recommend you book in advance (more info).

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19. Domas Roman

Below Palazzo Valentini, next to the Forum of Trajan, are the ruins of some Roman houses and baths. After a few days in Rome, you are probably tired of all the stone and archeological excavations, which is why Domas Roman is highly recommended. Excursions are enlivened by a tour with visual animation and effects. The last visit to Rome was my positive surprise. It is recommended to book due to small group approval (more Domus Romane).

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20. Palazzo Colona or Palazzo Doria Palmfilage

Rome has several beautiful city palaces from the 16th and 17th centuries. These palaces are all magnificent with their irresistible personal collections of paintings and frescoes. When visiting your city, it is worth visiting at least one palace and its associated gallery. I like the two palaces; If you are in Rome on a Saturday morning, I suggest you visit the Cologna Gallery, the other day you can visit the Doria Palmfills Gallery.

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21. Al Laterano in the Basilica di San Clement

The Basilica, dedicated to Pope Clement I, is not at first glance one of the most impressive churches in Rome. What makes this basilica of San Clement so special is that over the centuries, multiple church buildings have been built on top of each other. During your visit, you will learn about the history of the church through excavations of a 4th-century church, a secret church of the 1st century and Roman foundations.

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22. Strange Things to Do in Rome: Capuchin Crypt

A very strange place to visit in Rome is the crypt of the Capuchins. In the five chapels under the church "Santa Maria Della Consegion de Cappucci", the bones and skulls of about 3,600 Cappuccino brothers are included as artifacts in the crypt. In the museum you will learn more about the Capuchin Brothers, then you will see these special crypts.

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23. Churches, churches and more churches

There are 900 churches in Rome. Be sure to set foot in a church spontaneously during your visit to Rome; Even the least famous churches are often beautiful. This article gives you more details about 15 of the most special churches in Rome.

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24. Bathing in Karakalla

The Terme di Caracalla is the ruins of a huge third-century Christian bathhouse. At one time, it was the largest bathing complex in Rome with a capacity of 2,500 visitors. Unfortunately, earthquakes and looting of construction materials have left their mark. However, archeological excavations give a good idea of how huge the baths of Emperor Caracalla were in those days.

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25. Roman sights in Ostia Antica

If you wish a possibility from the hustle and bustle of Rome, Italy, an excellent excursion is to the archaeologic excavations of the recent Roman port town of Ostia Antica. This archaeologic park is found thirty kilometers west of Rome, incorporates a smart association by train and you'll take some time moving the 100-hectare Roman excavations and tourer attractions within the recent port of Rome.

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