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Paris France - Definition, Map, Population & facts about Paris

Paris, France

Paris France - Definition, Map, Population & facts about Paris

The national capital, France

Paris, the city and capital of France, is located in the north-central part of the country. About 233 miles (375 km) upstream from the English Channel (La Manche) up to about 7600 BC, people lived on the site of the present town on the banks of the Seine River. The modern city is spread over the island (Ile de la Cité) and across the banks of the Seine.

Paris occupies a central position in the rich agricultural region known as the Paris Basin and it forms one of the eight divisions of the Ile-de-France administrative region. It is by far the most important center of trade and culture in the country. Area city, 41 sq miles (105 sq km); Metropolitan area, 890 sq miles (2,300 sq km). Population (2012) City, 2,265,886; (2015 estimates) Urban aggregate, 10,858,000.

Paris is located in the center of the Île-de-France region, which crosses the Seine, Oise, and Marne rivers. The city is surrounded by beaches and great oak forests; These are called the "lungs of Paris" because they help to purify the air in heavily industrialized areas. The town is small; There is no corner about 6 miles (10 km) from the square in front of Notre Dame Cathedral. It occupies a depression vacated by the Seine and the surrounding heights are revered as the city limits. The boot height of Montmartre in the north varies from 430 feet (130 m) to 85 feet (26 m) in the Grenelle area in the southwest.

Map - Paris France

Map - Paris France

Weather Paris France

Located in the western part of Europe and in a plain relatively close to the sea, Paris benefits from the sand effect of the Gulf Stream and has a fairly temperate climate. The weather can be very variable, however, especially in winter and spring, when the winds can be sharp and cold.

Annual average temperature below 50s F (about 12 C); July averages 60 degrees Fahrenheit (about 19 degrees Celsius) and January averages 30 degrees Fahrenheit (about 3 degrees Celsius). Temperatures drop below freezing for about a month each year, and snowfalls about half that day. The city has taken steps to reduce air pollution, and a water purification system has made tap water safe for drinking.

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Ile de la City

Ile de la City- Paris France

Located in the Seine, in the heart of Paris, in the historic center of the ship-shaped Ile de la City. It is about 10 roads long and 5 wide. Eight bridges connect it to the riverbank, and a ninth leads to Ile Saint-Louis, a small island to the southeast. The westernmost bridge is the Pont Neuf (new bridge), built from 1578 to 1604. Despite the name, it is the oldest of the bridges in Paris (others preceded it but have been rebuilt). Its assertiveness is self-evident: Parisians still say that something is as "tough as Pont Neuf."

The bridge, supported in the middle by the tip of the island, has five arches to the left and seven extending to the right. The parapet corbels are decorated with more than 250 different strange masks. Forming a crescent-moon bay along the first sidewalk of Paris, the parapet emerges with a bend in the water at the pier of each bridge; Street vendors have set up shop in this bay. For 200 years this bridge was the main street and permanent fair in Paris. Although the structure is regularly repaired, it is still the main bridge in Pont Neuf today.

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Notre Dame de Paris

Notre Dame de Paris France

The Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris is located on the eastern edge of the Ile de la City, in a place where Parisians have always been reserved for religious rites. The city's Gallo-Roman boatmen built their altar there on Thursday (it is now in the medieval city museum), and when Christianity was established, a church was built on the site of the temple. The eminent first bishop of Paris became the patron saint of St. Denis. The red in the color of Paris represents the blood of this martyr, who, in popular legend, walked with his head held high after beheading.

Ile Saint-Louis

In 1627, Louis XIII leased a 60-year lease to a contractor, Christophe Marie, and two financiers, two land banks behind the Ile de la Cite. It was able to consolidate the Mary Islands 37 years ago, demarcate the perimeter, create a central trail with 10 side roads, and rent space for landlords. The Church of St. Louis-en-L'Ele was started in the same year, 1664, but one of the finest houses built by Louis Le Vau was completed in the early 1640s.

Other, the Hotel de Lauzun, a few yards upstream in Cui d'Anju, was completed in 1657. The Mary Bridge on the right bank, which was completed as part of the contract, is the original span, although it has been modified for modern traffic. Ile Saint-Louis forms a quiet neighborhood in the center of a busy city.

The Louvre

Louvre Paris France

North of the western edge of the Île de la Cité, stands the Louvre, one of the biggest palaces in the world. Although it was only completed in 1852, it originated in the Middle Ages. The Vikings set up camp on the site during the failed siege of Paris in 885, and around 1200 King Philip II built a square Crusader fortress in the same place just outside the walls of the new city to fortify the West's defenses.

Multiple expansions and renovations were made in the following centuries and the present palace grew from the fort. From the main square, known as Core Carrie (Square Court), the two galleries extend about 1,640 feet (500 m) to the west, one along the river and the other along the Rue de Rivoli. In 1871, just 19 years after the completion of the huge rectangle, its west face, the Tuileries Palace (beginning 1563), was destroyed by rebels in the Commune of Paris.

Louvre Museum occupies regions of the two galleries, as well as the four sides of the palace around Kur Kerry. The museum's treasures include the conquest of Samothrace, Venus de Milo, and the Mona Lisa. The vast collection includes at least 26 centuries of work, with enormous cultural and geographical spread. The North Gallery, along with the Rue de Rivoli, has a separate museum, the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, as well as the Ministry of National Finance.

What to do around the Eiffel Tower

What to do around the Eiffel Tower

South of Place Charles de Gaulle is the Chalot Palace (Palais de Charlotte). Standing on the rise on the right bank of the Seine, where the river begins its south-westerly curve, the palace is a fascinating place to visit the Eiffel Tower, the most recognizable symbol of Paris.

Which dates back to the 1937 International Exhibition, was replaced by the Trocadero Palace, a remnant of the 1878 International Exhibition. It consists of two separate pavilions, each of which extends a curved wing. Several museums are located there, including the Museum of Mankind, the Naval Museum, the Museum of French Monuments, and the Cinema Museum. What separates the two sections under the roof are the National Theater in Chaillot and a small hall that serves as a motion-picture house in the National Film Library.

The Champ-de-Mars (Mars Field), a vast field, extends to the Military Academy (Ecole Militaire), made from 1769 to 1772 and subsequently at the War College became the site. The Champ-de-Mars, which originally served as the school's parade ground, was the scene of two huge gatherings during the French Revolution: the Festival of the Federation (1790) and the Festival of the Supreme Being (1794). There has been an annual national exhibition of crafts and manufacturing since 1798, followed by the World Fair from 1855 to 1900.

Hôtel de Ville Paris

Hôtel de Ville Paris

Hôtel de Ville Paris, just east of Ile de la City. It contains the official apartment of the mayor of Paris. Three city halls stand in place of the current building, each bigger than its predecessor. The foremost was the House of Pillars (Mason Oaks Pillars) used by the municipality from 1357 to 1533. The present Hotel de Ville (1874-82) replaces the Renaissance structure that was operated from the 16th century until 1871 when it was burned down by the rebellious Communards.

The Halles of Paris

The Halles of Paris

Several roads to the northwest of the Hôtel de Ville are the quarters of Halles, which was the central market of Paris from 1183 to 1969. When the market moved to a new location in Rungis, near Paris-Orly Airport, the quarter's distinctive 19th-century iron-and-glass market halls and the area around them was designated for renewal.

Renovation projects have been delayed for several years, though due to bitter disagreements over how the area should be used. The old market halls were temporarily used for exhibitions and cultural events while were demolished in 1971. Their destruction leaves a huge hole in the ground that has become a symbol to many Parisians at the end of an era. Construction began on the site in 1971, and in 1977 a station was opened connecting the city's subway (metro) with the regional express system.

The Forum des Hales, a little underground multi-story commercial and shopping center, opened in 1979, and the nearby streets were converted into a traffic-free zone for pedestrians. However, the forum has never been popular, and many have complained about the predominance of fast-food restaurants and illegal drug dealers in the area. The city planned to remodel the site again in the early 21st century.

Population of Paris

In 1850, Paris had a population of about 600,000. It expanded rapidly due to the attraction of a constant flow from the industrial expansion provinces. By 1870 the population had exceeded 1,000,000, and by 1931 there were about 5,000,000 people in Convergence, more than half of them living in the city of Paris, within the old gate of the administrative city. This growth continued after World War II, and by the early 21st century, Greater Paris had a population of 10,000,000. However, the population of the city of Paris continued to decline, from a peak of about 2,900,000 in 1931 to about 2,200,000 in 2012, with four out of five Parisians living in the suburbs.

The relocation occurred partly because massive resettlement reduced the city's high density, although it was much higher than the Northern European average. Many families have moved to smaller and more spacious homes in the small towns around the capital, leaving the city of Paris with an aging, curiously isolated population, where only about half of the family consists of one person. Yet within the first few years of the 21st century, the city's population began to grow slowly. With rising birth rates and a tendency for older people to retire outside the capital, the population of Paris has also grown at a younger age.

Facts About Paris - Paris France

Facts About Paris

1. The Eiffel Tower was considered to be a quick installation, intended to stand for 20 years behind it was built for the 1889 World's Fair.

2. Paris was originally a Roman city named Lutetia.

3. It is believed that there is only one stop sign in the whole city of Paris.

4. A-flat in Paris had been empty and locked for 70 years, while the rent was paid every month; After the tenant died, a painting by Boldini was valued at more than $ 2 million.

5. There are at slightest three replicas of the Statue of Liberty in Paris The most famous of them exists on an island in the middle of Sen and looks at the statue of his sister in New York.

6. The prominent bell of Notre Dame Cathedral is called Emanuel and it weighs more than 13 tons.

7. The French army was the first to use disguise, which came from the French verb "to make for the stage." In 1915, during World War I, the military began to disguise itself.

8. In December 1895, the first public screening of a film was made by the French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumire. They screened 10 films of about 50 seconds using their invention "Cinematograph".

9. Sightseers to the Eiffel Tower have to clamber 1,665 steps to reach the top - unless they take the elevator! There are just 270 steps to get to the Basilica of Sacré Cœur.

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