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Cartagena Colombia

Cartagena Colombia

About Cartagena, Colombia

Cartagena, known as Cartagena de Indias since colonial times, is a city and one of the main ports on the north coast of Colombia in the Caribbean coast, bordering the Caribbean Sea. Cartagena's past role as a link to the West Indies route provides it with significant historical value for world exploration and preservation of heritage from the great commercial maritime route. As a former Spanish colony, it was a major port for Peruvian silver exports to Spain and for the importation of enslaved Africans under the Asiatico system. It was defensive against attacks by Caribbean pirates. The strategic location of the town between Magdalena and the Sinu River gave it easy access to New Granada and made it a major port for trade between Spain and its foreign empire, establishing its importance in the early 1540s.

Modern Cartagena is the capital of the Bolivar division, and according to the 2018 census, its population was 1,028,736, making it the second largest city in the Caribbean after Barranquilla and the fifth largest in Colombia. The metropolitan area of ​​Cartagena is the sixth largest urban area in the country after the metropolitan area of ​​Bucaramanga. Economic activities include the marine and petrochemical industries, as well as tourism.

The present city - named after Cartagena, Spain - was founded on 1 June 1533; But in the vicinity of the Gulf of Cartagena, various indigenous peoples have lived since 4000 BC. Cartagena was instrumental in the administration and expansion of the Spanish Empire during the Spanish colonial period. It was the center of political, religious and economic activity. In 1984, Cartagena's colonial walled city and castle were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Climate of Cartagena Colombia

Cartagena is characterized by a tropical humid and arid climate. Humidity averages about 90%, with the rainy season usually lasting May-November. The climate tends to be hot and windy.

Tourism of Cartagena Colombia

Tourism is a major pillar of the economy. The walled city of Cartagena has the following tourist sites:

1) Colonial architecture with Andalusian style roots. Many Cartagena houses have tropical flower verandas.

2) Nuestra Senora de la Candelaria de la Popa convent, closter and chapel located on top of Mount Popa

3) Cathedral of Santa Catalina de Alexandria

4) Church and cluster of San Pedro Pedro Clever

5) Convent and church of Santo Domingo

6) Palace of Inquisition

7) Teatro Heredia

8) Cartagena Gold Museum

9) Las Bovedas

10) Clock tower

11) Fortress of Cartagena de India: Today, 16 of the 20 forts that make up the walls of the Getsemani district still stand, preserved in good condition. In 1586, Batista Antonelli, the most famous military engineer of the Crown of Spain at the time, was commissioned near the city fort. Work on the project was finally completed in the 17th century. Cartagena became an impregnable fortress, successfully repelling the invasion of Baron Pontis in 1697. In the 18th century, new additions gave the complex its present spaciousness, protected by engineer Antonio de Arevalo [es]. Early castle arrangements include only the urban resin, the bastion port of San Matias at the entrance to Boca Grande, and the tower of San Philip del Bocaron, which controls the bay of Las Animas. Gradually, all passages were dominated by castles: San Luis Castle, San Jose Castle and Boca Cacia San Fernando Castle, San Rafael Castle and Pochachika Castle Santa Barbara Castle, Santa Cruz Castle, San Juan de Manzanillo Castle and the outskirts of Bahia Access to the castle, the fort of San Felipe de Barajas, the rocks that dominate the city from the east, and the protected Istmos del Cerebro. The castle of San Felipe de Barajas in Cartagena, which defended the city during numerous sieges, made its character and reputation irresistible. These are described in the United States as a masterpiece of Spanish military engineering.

The city has a thriving hotel industry where small boutique hotels are primarily concentrated in the Walled City and large hotels in front of the beach in Boca Grande. Just outside the walls, the Getsemani area is a popular place for small hotels and hostels.

A recommended reading list for those who want to know the details of the international travel guide:

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