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Machu Picchu of Peru

Machu Picchu of Peru

About Machu Picchu of Peru

Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca fort located on a 2,430-meter (7,970 ft) mountain peak in the eastern Cordillera of southern Peru. It is located in the Machu Picchu district of Urubamba province, above the Holy Valley, 80 kilometers (50 miles) northwest of Cusco. The Urubamba River flows past it, cutting through the Cordillar, creating a canyon with a tropical mountain climate.

Unlike the Mayans, the Incas had no written language and no Europeans visited the place until the 19th century, as far as is known. Therefore, there is no written record of using the site. The names of the buildings, their supposed use, and their occupants are all products of modern archaeologists, based on physical evidence, including site burials.

Machu Picchu of Peru

Most recent archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as a property for the Inca emperor Pachaukuti (1438-1472). Often referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is one of the most recognizable icons of the Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later during the Spanish conquest. According to the new AMS Radiocarbon Dating, it was captured from C. 1420 to 1532. Historical research published in 2022 claims that the site was probably named by the Incas as Huana Pichu, because it exists on a small peak of the same name.
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the three-window house. Most of the exterior buildings have been remodeled to give visitors a better idea of how they actually appeared. By 1976, 30% of Machu Picchu had been recovered, and recovery continues.

Machu Picchu of Peru

Tourism attraction Machu Picchu of Peru

Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, both cultural and natural. Since its rediscovery in 1911, a growing number of tourists have visited the site each year, with the number exceeding 1.4 million in 2017. As Peru's most visited tourist attraction and major revenue generator, it is constantly exposed to economic and commercial power. In the late 1990s, the Peruvian government allowed the construction of a cable car and a luxury hotel, including a tourist complex with boutiques and restaurants, and a bridge over the site. Many people, including Peruvian and foreign scientists, opposed the plan, saying more visitors would create a physical burden on the wreckage. In 2018, plans to build a cable car were re-launched to encourage Peruvians to visit Machu Picchu and to encourage domestic tourism. There is a no-fly zone above the area. UNESCO is considering endangering Machu Picchu in its World Heritage List.

In the 1980's, a large rock was moved from the central plaza in Machu Picchu to create a helicopter landing zone. In the 1990s, the government banned helicopter landings. In 2006, a Cusco-based company, Helicusco, sought approval for a tourist flight to Machu Picchu. As a result, the license was soon revoked.

The deaths of tourists have been linked to altitude sickness, flooding and hiking accidents. UNESCO has been criticized for allowing tourists to visit the site due to its high risk of landslides, earthquakes and injuries due to its dilapidated structure.

Nude tourism was a trend in Machu Picchu in 2014 and the Peruvian Ministry of Culture condemned the activity. Cusco's regional director of culture has stepped up surveillance to end the practice.

Machu Picchu of Peru

location and geography of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is located in the Southern Hemisphere, 13.111 degrees south of the equator. It is located 80 kilometers (50 miles) northwest of Cusco, on the top of Mt. As such, it had a milder climate than the Inca capital. It is one of the most important archeological sites in South America, one of the most visited tourist attractions in Latin America and one of the most visited in Peru.

Machu Picchu is characterized by humid summers and dry icy winters, with most of the annual rainfall falling from October to March.

Machu Picchu is located on a bow on the Urubamba River, which encircles the place on three sides, with the hills descending vertically up to 450 meters (1,480 feet) into the river at their base. The area is subject to morning fog rising from the river. The location of the city was a military secret, and its deep coastline and steep hills provided natural defenses. The Inca Bridge, an Inca grass rope bridge over the Urubamba River in Pango de Mainic, provided a secret entrance for the Inca army. Another Inca bridge was built west of Machu Picchu, a tree-trunk bridge, at a point where a gap appeared between the cliffs measuring 6 meters (20 feet).

A recommended reading list for those who want to know the details of the international travel guide:

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