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The Acropolis Athens Greece

The Acropolis Athens Greece

The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient castle located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historical significance, the most famous of which is the Parthenon. The word acropolis comes from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, "highest point, edge") and πόλις (polis, "city"). The term Acropolis is common and there are many more Acropolis in Greece. In ancient times the Acropolis of Athens was more accurately known as Sacropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Sacraps, the so-called first Athenian king.

Although evidence has been found that the hill was inhabited until the 4th millennium BC, Pericles (c. 495-429 BC) coordinated the construction of the buildings in the 5th century BC, the present remnants of which are the most important of the site. , Including the temples of Parthenon, Propylia, Erekhtion and Athena Nike. The Parthenon and other buildings were severely damaged during the siege by the Venetians during the Morian War of 1687, when gunpowder stored in the Parthenon by the Ottomans hit a cannonball and exploded.

Acropolis, Athens

UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Acropolis of Athens, seen from the Hill of the Muses

Location: Athens, Attica, Greece

Criteria: Cultural: i, ii, iii, iv, vi

Reference: 404

Area: 3.04 ha

Buffer zone: 116.71 ha


Initial settlement

The Acropolis is located on a flat-topped rock that rises 150 meters (490 feet) above sea level in the city of Athens, with a surface area of about 3 hectares (7.4 acres). Although the earliest specimens date to the Middle Neolithic period, there have been documented settlements in Atika from the early Neolithic period (6th millennium BC).


Periclean building program

After their conquest of Eurimidon in 468 BC, Simon and Themistocles ordered the rebuilding of the south and north walls of the Acropolis. Most of the major temples, including the Parthenon, were rebuilt at the behest of Pericles during the so-called Golden Age of Athens (460-430 BC). Phidias, an Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Calicrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.

In 437 BC, Mansicles began building the Propylia, a monumental gate with a Doric column of pentacle marble at the western end of the Acropolis, partly built on the old Propylia of Pesistratos. These colonies ended around 432 BC and had two wings, the north of which is adorned with paintings of Polygonotus. Around the same time, south of Propilia, construction began on a small ionic temple of Athena Nike in pentacle marble with a tetrastyle porch, preserving the essentials of the Greek temple design. The temple was completed between 421 BC and 409 BC, during the peace of Nisias, after being interrupted by the Peloponnesian War.


Archaeological remains

The entrance to the Acropolis was a monumental entrance called the Propylia. South of the entrance is the small temple of Athena Nike. At the center of the Acropolis is the Parthenon or Temple of Athena Parthenos (Athena Virgin). To the east of the entrance and to the north of the Parthenon is the temple known as Erekthium. To the south of the platform, which forms the top of the Acropolis, is also the ancient, though often rebuilt, Dionysus Theater. Hundreds of meters away, there is now a partially reconstructed Odeon of Herod's Atticus.

All the valuable antiquities are housed in the Acropolis Museum, located on the southern slope of the same rock, 280 meters from the Parthenon.


How much is the Acropolis tour?

If you are looking forward to visiting Acropolis with other sites, you can buy a combo (multi-site) ticket for 30 30, which will give you access to Acropolis and 6 other sites for five days. A combo ticket will cost you 30 euros, no matter what season you go.

There are two ticket options to enter the Acropolis and the Parthenon. You can only buy one ticket to enter the Acropolis or you can buy a combination ticket at the Acropolis and six other archeological sites.

A recommended reading list for those who want to know the details of the international travel guide:

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