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Where Mount Kilimanjaro? Mount Kilimanjaro map and Tourism industry

Mount Kilimanjaro

Volcano in Tanzania

Where Mount Kilimanjaro? Mount Kilimanjaro map and Tourism industry

Where mount kilimanjaro?

Kilimanjaro is a volcano in northeastern Tanzania near the Kenya border. It is located about 100 miles (160 km) east of the East African Rift System and about 140 miles (225 km) south of Nairobi, Kenya.

Kilimanjaro is a volcano in northeastern Tanzania near the Kenya border. Its central cone, Kibo, rises to 19,340 feet (5,895 m) and is the highest point in Africa. Kilimanjaro is located about 100 miles (160 km) east of the East African Rift System and about 140 miles (225 km) south of Nairobi, Kenya. The massif extends about 50 miles (80 km) east-west and consists of three major extinct volcanoes: Kibo (center), Mawenci (east) and Shira (west). Kibo, the youngest and highest, has the shape of a typical volcanic cone and hole and is connected to Mawenci (16,893 ft [5,149 m]) by a 7-mile (11-km) saddle at about 15,000 ft (4,500 m). Which is the old core of a former summit. Remains of a previous hole in the vein ridge (13,000 feet [3,962 m]). Below Saddle, Kilimanjaro is a common volcanic curve sloping down into the plains, at an altitude of about 3,300 feet (1,000 m). To the south of Kibo's breathtaking snow-covered dome is a caldera (gorge) that spans 1.2 miles (2 km) and is about 980 feet (300 m) deep, with an internal cone showing the activity of the remaining volcanoes. The Mauvensi cone is highly eroded, jolted and sharpened and torn to the east and west by gorges. Only Kibo holds a permanent ice cap. Mauvensi has patches of semi-permanent ice and ample seasonal snow.

The origin of the name Kilimanjaro is not known, but several theories exist. European explorers adopted the name in the 1860s and reported that Kilimanjaro was the mountain's Kisowali name. The name of the mountain is also recorded as Kilima-Nazaro in the 1907 edition of The Natal Encyclopedia.

In 1860 Johann Ludwig Kraff wrote that the Swahili people along the coast call the mountains Kilimanjaro. Although he offered no support, he claimed that Kilimanjaro meant a mountain of greatness or a mountain of caravans.

A different approach assumes that the Kileman part of Kilimanjaro comes from Kichaga Kileme, meaning that which is defeated, or Kilelema, which means that which has become difficult or impossible. The Zaro part is "then Njire, a bird; or, according to other informants, a leopard; or perhaps Zaro, a caravan." Considering that the name Kilimanjaro was never common among the Wachaga people, it is possible that the name came from Wachaga saying that the mountain is climbable, or Kilimanjaro or Kilemajaro and the porters misinterpret it as the name of the mountain.

Where Mount Kilimanjaro? Mount Kilimanjaro map and Tourism industry

Fauna and flora of Mount Kilimanjaro

Animals

Elephants in Amboseli National Park opposite Mount Kilimanjaro.

Large animals are rare in Kilimanjaro and are more frequently seen in forests and at the foot of hills. Elephants and Cape buffaloes are among the animals that can be potentially dangerous for trekkers. Bushbuck, chameleon, dick-dick, duiker, mongoose, sunbird and warthog have also been reported. Zebras, leopards and hyenas have been seen scattered in the Shira Plateau. Specific species associated with the mountain include the Kilimanjaro Shru and the chameleon Kinyangia tavetana.

Plants

The natural forest in Kilimanjaro covers about 1,000 square kilometers (250,000 acres). Maize, beans, sunflower and wheat are cultivated in the foothills. There are remnants of former savanna trees, including Acacia, Combretum, Terminalia and Gravia. Between 1,000 m (3,300 ft) and 1,800 m (5,900 ft) the coffee "Chagga Home Garden" appears as part of agroforestry. Local plants of this height range (Strombosia, Newtonia and Entendrofragma) are confined to remote valleys and roars [60] and differ from plants at higher altitudes. On the southern slopes, mountain forests first contain ferns and epiphytes, as well as Okotia eussambransis; Further away in the cloud forest grows Podocarpus latifolias, Hagenia abicinica and Erica excelsa, as well as fog-dependent algae. On the dry northern slopes olive, croton-calodendrum, Casiporia and Juniperus form forests according to the increasing altitude. Between 3,100 m (10,200 ft) and 3,900 m (12,800 ft) there are Erica Bush and Heathland, then Helicrisum, up to 4,500 m (14,800 ft). Neophytes with poa annua have been observed.

Records from the 2,780-meter (9,120-foot) Maundi hole indicate that Kilimanjaro's vegetation has changed over time. Due to the dry and cold conditions, the vegetation of the forest retreated during the Last Glacial Maximum 42,000 to 30,000 years ago, and the Erysipelas vegetation belt decreased by 1,500 meters (4,900 feet).

Tussock Grassland is an area on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro that has many unique species of plants, such as water-retaining cabbage.


Climate of Mount Kilimanjaro

The climate of Kilimanjaro is affected by the altitude of the mountains, which is simultaneously affected by the equatorial trade winds and the high altitude anti-trade and the isolated location of the mountains. Kilimanjaro has daily ups and downs at night, making it stronger in the south than in the north of the mountains. The flattened southern flanges expand further and affect the atmosphere more strongly.

Kilimanjaro has two distinct rainy seasons, one from March to May and the other around November.


Tourism industry of Mount Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro National Park earned the US $ 51 million in 2013, the second-highest of any Tanzanian national park. The Tanzania National Park Authority said the park recorded 57,456 tourists in the 2011-12 budget year, of whom 16,425 climbed the mountain; The general management plan of the park specifies an annual capacity of 28,470. In 2007, mountain hikers created about 11,000 casual and seasonal jobs for guides, porters and cooks. Concerns have been raised about their poor working conditions and inadequate wages for these workers. Due to the popularity of Kilimanjaro National Park as a destination, the Tanzanian government has invested in road infrastructure to improve accessibility. In Tanzania, Kilimanjaro International Airport also serves as an important transportation hub.

There are seven official trekking routes to and from Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Lemosho Western-Breach, Machame, Marangu, Moweka, Rongai, Shira and Umbwe. The Machame route can be completed in six or seven days, the Lemosho in six to eight days, and the Northern Circuit route in seven or more days. The Lemosho route can also be continued through the west breach, to the west of the mountain. Western-Breach is more secluded and avoids the 6-hour midnight peak (like other routes). Rongai is the easiest of the camping routes. Marangu is also relatively easy, if frequently busy; Accommodation is shared in huts. The Lemosho Western-Breach route starts west of Kilimanjaro in Lemosho and reaches the summit via the West-Breach route.


A recommended reading list for those who want to know the details of the international travel guide:

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